Center for the Study of the Presidency
An educational institution in the United States devoted to the study of the presidency, government, and politics.

The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School
Provider of digital documents relevant to the fields of law, history, economics, politics, diplomacy, and government.

Constitutional amendments concerning the Presidency:
2nd Amendment
20th Amendment
22nd Amendment
25th Amendment

UVA Miller Center

A non-partisan research center at the University of Virginia that studies the national and international policies of the United States, with a special focus on American presidents and the presidency.


Executive Orders (Dwight D. Eisenhower to William J. Clinton)
Official documents numbered consecutively, through which the President of the United States manages the operations of the federal government.

Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents (1993 - 2000)
Statements, messages, and other presidential materials released by the White House during the preceding week.

Public Papers of the Presidents (Herbert Hoover to William J. Clinton)
An online service that contains the papers and speeches of the President of the United States that were issued by the Office of the Press Secretary during the specified time period. Currently, only the Papers of President Clinton for the years 1995-1998 are available, though volumes covering years prior will be added on an incremental basis.

The role of the Vice President
A brief history of the role of the Vice President as President of the U. S. Senate.

Presidential Salaries
Data from Congressional Quarterly's Guide to the Presidency, listing presidential and vice-presidential salaries from 1789 to the present.


History of Presidential Elections
Graphs on both electoral and popular votes for all U.S. Presidential Elections to date. The site also includes summaries of the major issues in the campaigns as well as the state-by-state vote for each presidential hopeful.

Presidential Election Results
In brief, the complete results of American presidential elections from 1789 to 1992.

NARA Electoral College History site
The Office of the Federal Register coordinates the functions of the Electoral College and has assembled a variety of information and statistics on presidential elections, past and present.

"The Living Room Candidate"
A history of presidential campaign commercials, 1952-2000, from the American Museum of the Moving Image. Requires RealPlayer or Windows Media Player.


"Every Four Years 1896-2000"
This exhibition at the Newseum explores the sometimes-tumultuous relationship between reporters and candidates on the 20th-century presidential campaign trail.

U.S. Presidential Election Maps, 1860-1996
Popular and electoral election results.


"I Do Solemnly Swear..."
The Library of Congress presents a collection of 2,000 digital files from each of the first sixty-two inaugurations, and items relating to the 63rd inauguration of 2001. The site features diaries and letters of presidents and of those who witnessed inaugurations, handwritten drafts of inaugural addresses, broadsides, inaugural tickets and programs, prints, photographs, and sheet music.

Inaugural Addresses
Full text Inaugural Addresses from George Washington to William J. Clinton's first.

Presidential Speeches
A resource for people interested in presidential rhetoric and is sponsored by the University of Texas A&M.

A New Century of Inaugurals
The Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies.


Audio of Some Presidents
History and Politics Out Loud (HPOL) is a searchable multimedia database documenting and delivering authoritative audio relevant to American history and politics.

Voices of U.S. Presidents
The Michigan State University Vincent Voice Library has collected and made available sound samples of American Presidents from Grover Cleveland to William J. Clinton.
An online resource containing digital sound files and transcripts of secretly taped White House recordings, beginning with President Roosevelt and ending with the infamous Nixon tapes.


The White House
The official site for the White House and the President.

The White House Historical Society

National Geographic & The White House
Companion Web site to the National Geographic/PBS television program on working and living in the White House.

JFK Assassination Records
The National Archives & Records Administration's John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection contains more than 4 million pages of assassination-related records, photographs, motion pictures, sound recordings and artifacts.

Portraits of Presidents & First Ladies
An online collection of images of presidents and first ladies from the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.

National Postal Museum
Features an exhibit on the stamp designs of Franklin D. Roosevelt, along with other items from his personal philatelic collection.

National First Ladies' Library
A repository concerned with the significant role First Ladies have played in shaping the political and social history of the nation.

White House Site on First Ladies
The biographical history of Presidential First Ladies and their contributions to the role of First Lady.

The White House Collection of American Crafts
A virtual exhibition from the Smithsonian American Art Museum featuring seventy-two works by seventy-seven of America's leading craft artists.

Presidential Burial Sites
A web site about U.S. political history and cemeteries with an index devoted to U.S. Presidents and Vice-Presidents and their burial sites.

Presidential Transportation
The manufacturer of Air Force One, the Boeing Corporation, has provided a fact sheet, photos, and specifications of a modified 747-200B, the newest and largest presidential airplane.
A commercial site on the history of the Ferdinand Magellan, a unique Pullman railroad car. It was the only railroad car ever custom built for the President of the United States in the 20th century.
A photo review and brief history of some presidential yachts from 1891 to 1953.

Camp David
An unofficial history of Camp David, the presidential weekend retreat in Maryland, by a member of the U.S. Naval staff formerly assigned to the facility. The site also provides a history of the various planes, helicopters, and ships used by presidents while in office.


Jacqueline Kennedy's Washington
A citywide celebration, now through August 2002.

The Smithsonian Associates
Offering a variety of courses, lectures, and special events that complement "The American Presidency."

National Portrait Gallery
Includes information on "Portraits of the Presidents," a traveling exhibition opening at the George Bush Presidential Library on October 6, 2000.

National Archives & Records Administration
The Presidential Library system is made up of eleven Presidential Libraries and the Nixon Presidential Materials. The Office of Presidential Libraries administers this nationwide network of libraries, which is part of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). These are not traditional libraries, but rather repositories for preserving and making available the papers, records, and other historical materials of U.S. Presidents since Herbert Hoover.

Library of Congress
The Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress is the nation's oldest and most comprehensive presidential library. The Manuscript Division has in its custody the papers of twenty-three presidents, including the men who founded the nation, wrote its fundamental documents, and led it through the greatest crisis of its existence.

C-Span - 17
Created for the television series, this site contains a complete video archive of all American Presidents, plus additional resources such as, biographical facts, key events of each presidency, presidential places, reference material, and teacher guides.

Internet Public Library
In this resource you will find background information, election results, cabinet members, notable events, and some points of interest on each of the presidents. Links to biographies, historical documents, audio and video files, and other presidential sites are also included.

The PBS American Experience series on The American President
This companion site to the PBS television series contains information on specific presidents and suggested lesson plans for teachers.

Presidential Classrooms
Programs for high school students including a residential scholar program in Washington D.C.

National History Standards
National Standards for History Basic Edition, 1996.

George Washington's Mount Vernon
Features a virtual tour of Washington's home, Mount Vernon, as well as biographical material about our nation's first president.

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