Ship Control Station. Two crewmen--called planesmen--sit at the ship control station, where they use hand wheels to adjust the planes and rudders that direct the vertical and horizontal movement of the submarine. Operating a Nuclear Submarine: Attack Center

The brain of a submarine is its attack center. Into this critical location flow data from the boat's sensors and status reports for evaluation; from it issue the commands that direct the submarine and its weapons. The commanding officer normally stands near the periscopes, one of which is purely optical, while the other includes electronics that allow it to function as a video camera. The commanding officer's orders are relayed to sailors seated at the twin wheels of the ship control station, watching depth gauges and other indicators as they adjust the submarine's depth and heading. Other sailors man the fire control system for launching torpedoes and steering them toward their targets.

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Periscopes. Periscopes are optical instruments that can afford submariners a limited through vital visual picture outside their windowless hull.
Navigation. navigatio is another requirement that may bring submarines to periscope depth. The U.S. Navy developed the ships internal navigation system (SINS)...

The brain of a submarine is its attack center. Into this critical location flow data from the boat's sensors and status reports for evaluation; from it issue the commands that direct the submarine and its weapons. The commanding officer normally stands near the periscopes, one of which is purely optical, while the other includes electronics that allow it to function as a video camera. The commanding officeris orders are relayed to sailors seated at the twin wheels of the ship control station, watching depth gauges and other indicators as they adjust the submarineis depth and heading. Other sailors man the fire control system for launching torpedoes and steering them toward their targets.